Read This to Become a Better Patent Attorney or Agent (Crosspost from GameTime IP Blog)

(Editorial note:  My friend Patrick Anderson, proprietor of the great GameTime IP blog, recently met someone who wrote the Don’t File a Patent book.  As a patent attorney, Patrick was greatly affected by what inventor John Smith–yes, his real name–experienced in his journey in obtaining and enforcing his patent and trademark rights.  While most of us would probably not agree with Mr. Smith’s apparent blanket advice to inventors that a patent is never the right course to take, his negative viewpoint can be instructive to those of us who want to better understand our client’s objectives to create greater business value for them.  Very often the relationship between those who toil in the “foxholes” of the patent world do not stop and think about the expectations and desires of those for whom they are working so diligently.  For solo inventors and small companies, investment in patents could make them or break them, and I think those of us who work on behalf of these types of patentees must be as enthusiastic in understanding and meeting their expectations, as we are about taking their money.  As such, I thought Patrick’s overview of Mr. Smith’s book deserves as broad an audience possible because it can serve as an excellent reality check for patent attorneys and agents, as well as patent examiners.  Patrick’s post–re-printed with permission–follows below in its entirety.)

John Smith's experiences with the patent system can make us better patent attorneys and agents

So, awhile back I promised an update to my post about John Smith (who, incidentally, called me to confirm that John Smith is, in fact, his real name).  Good to meet you John. John runs the website Don’t File A Patent, and has published a book of the same name. I got my hands on a copy of the first edition, but John tells me the second edition will be available soon with more clear separation between the patent office experiences, and his advice for would-be inventor/entrepreneurs.  Regardless of which version you read, I can honestly say that this book should be required reading for anyone who works as a patent attorney.

I work with patent attorneys on a nearly daily basis, and every patent I analyze is, in part, a critique of the patent attorney responsible. There’s few things I enjoy more than reading a patent and trying to understand what it was that was so great and novel to justify its expense, and learning how the attorney and inventor chose to describe the invention. Although its been years since I’ve done any patent drafting myself, I never lose sight of the fact that behind every patent is an inventor or inventors. Even in a “corporate” application, inventors are a critical part of the process. Innovations come from real individuals, not the fictitious corporate “person.”

Taking human ingenuity and turning it into a real, physical embodiment is what the patent system is supposed to encourage. So when an inventor/entrepreneur writes an open letter to the whole world, saying “Don’t File A Patent,” I pay attention, and so should you. Unfortunately, many in my profession are likely to ignore John, dismissing him as a disgruntled inventor with an axe to grind. Perhaps he is, but the better question to ask is, is he entitled to be? John Smith is a person who clearly isn’t motivated by the US patent system. For John, the patent system has been a series of broken promises. This is not a post about defending or attacking the patent system. There’s enough of that going on, and I personally will return to that debate, probably in the near future. But not today. This post is about John, his experiences, and why patent attorneys should care.

In many respects, John is typical of many “individual” inventors. He was enthusiastic about his invention and his product. I think even he would admit, that he was also naive. Until researching his book, John was probably largely ignorant of the patent office bureaucracy that most patent attorneys take for granted. John knows what he created, and knows how and why. He knows what he is making, using and selling in his business, but he likely lacks the sophistication to articulate, on his own, what specifically distinguishes his inventions from prior art, beyond the results themselves. John knows that no one has made his exact structural combination in the past, but he struggles with the PTO’s application of obviousness. Obviously, these are the reasons John sought out the advice of patent attorneys.

Another Day In The Office

You win some, you lose some. Not every application you file will result in a patent. But while its just another day in the office for you, the impact on your client is far more significant. John parted with $25,000 of his own money, with nothing to show for it. He’s passionate and emotional about the impact this had on his life and business, and that is reflected in his writing.  I’ve written before that attorneys need to be more acutely aware of how the practice of law actually affects their clients, especially when things don’t go as planned. Don’t File a Patent offers a rare look at exactly that, without having to go through the misfortune of having a disgruntled client of your own.

Take advantage of John’s experience to understand what your client will be going through if your mission to obtain a patent fails. Read his reaction to the section 103(a) USPTO form paragraph, and his struggles with obviousness generally. Recognize his frustration with an examiner applying 6 different prior art references to reconstruct John’s invention with the benefit of hindsight, with him powerless to do anything about it. Read John’s understanding of what he calls the “true” rejection rate. Do you advise your clients that patents are routinely rejected on the first pass? Do you write at least one claim that should be allowed immediately (i.e. a picture claim)?

Selling Patents As Something They’re Not

I’ve written before how many patent attorneys convince clients to file patent applications to “protect” their products. It’s a misleading thing to say, and John has figured that out. Don’t File a Patent discusses the fact that patents are, at their core, an invitation to file a lawsuit. He writes for the benefit of other inventors, how there’s no one but you that can enforce your patent.  What isn’t clear is whether John would have agreed to pay $25,000 if he knew that the best case scenario was spending thousands more to file a lawsuit if he needed to enforce the patent. Are your clients actually aware of that? Or are you just assuming they are? If your client did know that enforcing the patent would require such a commitment, how would that impact your client’s budget preferences in the original prosecution?

Read about John’s experience with trademark litigation. Patent litigators take note of how familiar John’s frustration is with the delay and expense of the legal system. Realize the difficulty that collecting judgments presents to your clients who had to dip into their own pocket in the first place.

Is The Mission Really To Get A Patent, ANY Patent, At All Costs?

The temptation of the patent attorney, once the application is filed, is to get the application allowed. Where an examiner is making unreasonable rejections, but presents an avenue for allowance resulting in a narrower claim than what the client is actually entitled to, what do you do? Is a narrow patent better than no patent at all? In a vacuum, sure. But this is real life. That narrow patent will still have costs for your client, and he may incur those costs for years before finding out, when trying to stop a copycat, that the patent is worthless.  So why not be up front about it? Instead of plowing forward, counsel your client about the realistic value the patent will add to the business and let your client make the business decision.

John’s prosecution history, which he provides in his book, presents an extreme example of seeking an allowance at all costs. EVERY patent attorney needs to see what John’s attorney did to try and get his patent allowed. Beyond that, when the attempt failed initially, you should read how his attorney planned to further sabotage his patent in response. Even if John had won, he would have ultimately lost, as his resulting patent would have been practically worthless. And by that, I don’t mean “almost” worthless, I mean worthless for any real, practical purpose (like collecting royalties from an infringer).

Read the book, and become a better lawyer because of it.

3 thoughts on “Read This to Become a Better Patent Attorney or Agent (Crosspost from GameTime IP Blog)

  1. Jackie,

    Thanks for re-posting this. I’m hearing opinions from a lot of patent attorneys (some nicer than others). Many are saying that they always counsel their clients on the cost, difficulty and expense in getting and enforcing patents. Still, I doubt they say things like, “Your patent will likely be so narrow that anyone will be able to produce a product duplicating the benefit of your invention without infringing your patent.”

    Further yet, many aren’t likely to conduct a search (or recommend conducting a search) to find out whether the scenario above is a likelihood. In such a case, patenting the invention has the same effect as not patenting the invention (or worse, if the invention is one that is not easily reverse engineered), but still carries that added cost.

    That really leaves the benefits at whatever “validation” having an issued patent provides for your business and some flexibility in devising tax reduction strategies. On a large scale, these too can be valuable aspects of a patent, but I doubt very seriously what benefits it provides on the small scale.

  2. Having a published application provides some protection against someone preventing you from manufacturing your own invention. Since examiners pretty much only look at the patent database for prior art. Also proving the veracity of prior art evidence is easier if it is on file at the USPTO/ Wipo.
    A published application is also a scientific contribution to history whose cost of publishing, if self filed may be much less than what you would have to go through to be published in a proffesional journal.
    Getting and maintaining a patent at least gives one a patent to trade, barter, settle with a future improvment patenter who obsoletes your method and could prevent you from making your own product comptitively, while you might be able to prevent him with your broad patent.

    So I have been filing myself on that basis but it is pretty hard compared to the innovation itself, so I try to use the patent process as my internal documentation method for all purposes. Going international myself is tough, I filed EPO myself but I may have found a rep who will let me mostly do my thing instead for less. I figure my fees are 10 times less, and I can afford 10 times more claims, I dont have to struggle communicating with anyone but the examiner, so I can live with my blunders, its all a crapshoot anyway.

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